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Heinrich Fuseli

Born: Zurich, 6 February 1741
Died: Putney Hill (near London), 16 April 1825
Nationality: Swiss
Background: 

son of painter Johann Caspar Füssli

Studies: 

largely self-taught; art historical training from his father

Career: 

1761 – ordained as Zwinglian minister

1762 – exiled from Zurich due to publication of critical tract against Zurich magistrate, co-written by Johann Kaspar Lavater and Felix Hess

1767-8 – moves to London; meets Joshua Reynolds, becomes artist

1781 – exhibitsThe Nightmare at Royal Academy

1788 – elected Associate of RA

1789 – first exhibition at John Boydell’s Shakespeare Gallery

1790 – becomes full member of RA; opens Milton Gallery

1799-1805 – professor of painting at RA

1804 – appointed curator at RA

1810 – re-elected professor of painting at RA

Fuseli was a prolific writer. His production includes translations, poetry, journalism, history, theory, and art and literary reviews

Students

John Constable, Benjamin Robert Haydon,  Edwin Landseer, and William Mulready

Travels 

Germany (1763); London (1764-70, 1779-1825); Rome (1770-78); Zurich (1778); Paris (1802)

Commissions from: 

John Boydell, Thomas Coutts, William Roscoe, and William Lock

Important Artworks: 

Thor Battering the Midgard Serpent, 1788 (Royal Academy, London)

Titania and Bottom, 1790 (Tate, London)

Creation of Eve, 1793 (Kunsthalle, Hamburg) 

 

Martin Myrone comments on Fuseli’s contemporary reputation:

“Fuseli’s public exhibits were accompanied by an unusually high level of press interest. In the intensively competitive art scene taking shape at that moment, he was singled out as the leading painter of sublime and supernatural themes, whose work had both sensational immediacy and rare physical grandeur. Through direct reproductions, pastiches, and caricatures, many of his images – The Nightmare (first exhibited 1782; Detroit Institute of Arts) pre-eminently – gained an unusually wide currency in the visual culture of Britain, Europe, and even North America, and provided a key point of reference in contemporary discussions of taste and the imagination.” 289-90

Martin Myrone, “Henry Fuseli and Gothic Spectacle,” The Huntington Library Quarterly,  vol. 70, no. 2 (2007): 289-90.