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Chapter 7

New Audiences, New Approaches

The period between 1815 and 1848 experienced momentous transformations due to industrialization, migration, and urbanization. Some individuals were fascinated by modernity, which furnished an exciting new range of subjects. Others were frightened and took refuge in carefully created home environments, in memories of childhood, or in nostalgic fanatasies of an idealized past. Artists  turned their attention to these various subjects and marketed their works to the increasingly affluent middle classes. The emergence of Biedermeier, Golden Age, and Pre-Raphaelite art signalled a shift in artistic taste and catered to this escalating shift in patronage from church and monarch to the public and individuals. 

Readings:

Barringer, Tim. The Pre-Raphaelites. London: Weidenfeld Nicolson, 1998

Berman, Patricia G.  In Another Light: Danish Painting in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Vendome Press, 2007

Blakesley, Rosalind P. Russian Genre Painting in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000

Boime, Albert. Art in an Age of Counterrevolution, 1815-1848. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2004

Fletcher, Pamela M., and Anne Helmreich, The Rise of the Modern Art Market in London, 1850-1939. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2011

Giebelhausen, Michaela. Writing the Pre-Raphaelites: Test, Context, Subtext. Farnham and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009

Himmelheber, Georg. Biedermeier, 1815-1835: Architecture, Painting, Sculpture, Decorative Arts, Fashion. Munich and New York: Prestel, 1989

Hunt, William Holman. Pre-Raphaelitism and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, 2 vols. New York: Macmillian, 1905

Johnson, Catherine, Helmut R. Leppien, and Kasper Monrad. Baltic Light: Early Open-Air Painting in Denmark and North Germany. Exhibition catalogue. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999

Kestner, Joseph A. Masculinities in Victorian Painting. Aldershot and Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, 1995

Monrad, Kasper. The Golden Age of Danish Painting. Exhibition catalogue. Los Angeles Museum of Art, 1993

Nochlin, Linda. “Lost and Found: Once More the Fallen Woman,” The Art Bulletin, vol. 60, no. 1 (March 1978): 139-53

Norman, Geraldine. Biedermeier Painting, 1815-1848: Reality Observed in Genre, Portrait, and Landscape. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1987

Nunn, Pamela Gerrish. Problem Pictures: Women and Men in Victorian Painting. Aldershot and Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, 1995

Prettejohn, E. The Art of the Pre-Raphaelites. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000

Pupil, François. Le style troubadour: ou la nostalgie du bon vieux temps. Nancy : Presses Universitaires de Nancy, 1985 (in French)

Schmitz, Thomas.  Die  Deutsche Kunstvereine im 19. Und frühen 20. Jahrhundert. Ein Beitrag zur Kultur-, Konsum-, und Sozialgeschichte der bildenden Kunst im bürgerlichen Zeitalter. Neuried: Ars Una, 2001 (in German)

Thomas, Julia. Victoria Narrative Painting. London: Tate, 2000

Vaughan, William. German Romanticism and English Art. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1979

Werner, Marcia. Pre-Raphaelite Painting and Nineteenth-Century Realism. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005

Subtitle: 
New Audiences, New Approaches

Web Resources

Metmuseum: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

 

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