You are here:  HomeArtists › Goya

Francisco Goya

Born: Fuendetodos, Aragón, Spain, 30 March 1746
Died: Bordeaux, France, 16 April 1828
Nationality: Spanish

son of goldsmith


with painter José Luzan Martinez in Sargossa; with Francisco Bayeu (1771)


1764 and 1766 – applies unsuccessfully for Rome Prize at Madrid Academy (Real Academia de Bellas Artes)

1771 –Victorious Hannibal Seeing Italy for the First Time from the Alps (Selgas-Fagalde Foundation, Cudillero) wins second prize at Parma (Italy) Academy; returns to Sargossa

1775 – hired by Francisco Bayeu to paint designs for royal tapestry works in Madrid

1780 – elected member of Madrid Academy with Crucifixion (Prado, Madrid)

1786 – appointed Painter to the King by Carlos III

1789 – appointed First Painter by Carlos IV and Queen Maria Luisa

1792-93 –illness leaves Goya permanently deaf

1795 – appointed director of Madrid Academy

1810 – Goya begins Disasters of War print series

1814 –Goya commissioned to paint Second of May 1808 (Prado) and Third of May 1808

1815 – questioned by Inquisition  about Nude Maja (Prado)

1820-23 – executes “Black Paintings” (Prado, Madrid)

1824 – Goya emigrates to France to escape reactionary regime of Fernando VII

1863 – Disasters of War published

1864 – Proverbs are published


Rome (1766-71); Paris (1824); Bordeaux (1824-28)

Commissions from: 

Charles III, Charles IV, Fernando VII (kings of Spain); Joseph Bonaparte; Arthur Wellesley (1st Duke of Wellington); Manuel Godoy

Important Artworks: 

Nude Maja, c. 1800 (Prado, Madrid)

Clothed Maja, c. 1803 (Prado, Madrid)

Web Resources

Metmuseum: Goya

smarthistory: Goya, Saturn Devouring His Children

smarthistory: Goya, Third of May