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Vincent van Gogh

Born: Zundert, The Netherlands, 30 March 1853
Died: Auvers-sur-Oise, 29 July 1890
Nationality: Dutch

son of a minister


mainly self-taught; briefly at Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts (Brussels); with Fernand Cormon (1886, Paris)


1869 – apprenticed to uncle’s art dealership, Goupil & Co.

1873 – transferred to London branch of Goupil & Co.

1875 – transferred to Paris branch of Goupil & Co.

1878 – moves to Borinage region to work as a lay preacher

1879-80 – visits Jules Breton in Courrières, France; van Gogh decides to pursue painting

1886 – moves to Paris; studies with Cormon; begins correspondence with Emile Bernard and Paul Gauguin

1888 – moves to Arles; Gauguin joins him in October; van Gogh enters mental hospital in December after cutting off his ear lobe in a fit of anger ear; Gauguin returns to Paris 

1889-90 – van Gogh institutionalizes himself in Saint-Remy

1890 – moves to Auvers-sur-Oise and is place in the care of Dr Paul Gachet; Albert Aurier publishes article about van Gogh in Mercure de France; exhibits with Les XX (Brussels); dies as result of self-inflicted gunshot wounds 

Important Artworks: 

Loom with Weaver, 1884 (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo)

The Potato Eaters, 1885 (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo)

Moulin de la Galette, 1886 (Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh)

The Sower, 1888 (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo)

Night Cafe, 1888 (Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven)

Sunflowers, 1888-89 (Philadelphia Museum of Art)

Self-Portrait, 1889 (National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC)

Self-Portrait, 1889 (Musée d'Orsay, Paris)

Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear, 1889 (Courtauld Institute Gallery, London)

 Paul Gauguin, Portrait of Vincent van Gogh Painting Sunflowers, 1888 (Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam)


Theo van Gogh (brother)

Web Resources

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

Metmuseum: Vincent van Gogh

smarthistory: van Gogh, Starry Night